The number of cases of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) reported in Europe is increasing every year, with an estimated 17 million new cases per annum in Western Europe. If you engage in unprotected sexual activity, you are putting yourself at risk of contracting an STI. There are many common misconceptions about sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), so it is important to make sure you are informed and aware of the dangers. For example, STIs can be spread through any kind of sexual activity and not just through vaginal sex.
There are three types of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and they are viral, bacterial or parasitic. Bacterial infections are easily treatable and include gonorrhoea and chlamydia. An example of a parasitic STI is trichomonas vaginalis, which is also easily treatable. Viral infections are usually not curable and can lead to recurrent outbreaks of symptoms for the rest of your life. Genital herpes and genital warts are examples of viral STDs.
Most STDs can be treated with a straightforward course of antibiotic treatment. Even for incurable STIs such as genital herpes, the outbreaks themselves are easily treatable. To buy a treatment online from euroClinix, you simply need to complete a free consultation which is subject to approval from one of our doctors. The doctor will then be able to recommend the most appropriate treatment for your sexually transmitted disease (STD), which will be sent to you via free overnight delivery.
It's important to note that, if you have been diagnosed with an STI, you should refrain from any form of sexual contact with your partner until you are sure that your infection is completely clear, otherwise you risk passing your infection onto someone else.
Chlamydia is considered to be the most common STI in Europe, with a rapidly increasing rate of infection. Those aged between 16 and 25 are the most commonly affected group. Chlamydia often does not display any symptoms, but it can lead to serious health complications if it is left untreated, including infertility. It is easily treated with a course of antibiotics.
Gonorrhoea is a bacterial infection that is rapidly increasing in Europe. It is most commonly found to infect men aged between 20 and 24 and women aged between 16 and 19. Gonorrhoea is often asymptomatic, but if it is left untreated it can increase the risk of epididymitis in men and ectopic pregnancy in women. The infection is easily treatable with antibiotics.
Genital warts are highly infectious and are also one of the more common STIs to occur in Europe. An outbreak usually involves a number of fleshy growths appearing around the genital area. Genital warts can affect both men and women, most commonly those aged between 17 and 33. As it is caused by a virus (HPV) it is not curable, but outbreaks can be reduced and controlled by antiviral medications.
Genital herpes is a viral STI which is very contagious. It is caused by the herpes virus and is spread through unprotected sexual contact. An outbreak of genital herpes usually involves red sores appearing on the genital area. It is not curable, but can be managed and the symptoms treated through antiviral medications. Outbreaks are usually recurrent, but their frequency depends on the individual.
Bacterial vaginosis is a vaginal infection that only affects women. It is also called gardnerella vaginosis or BV. It is the most common STI in women. As BV is caused by an overgrowth of bacteria in the vagina, it is not technically considered an STI, but it is more common in sexually active women. Bacterial vaginosis is easily treatable, but if it is left untreated it can lead to infections of the uterus.
Non-specific urethritis (NSU) can affect both men and women and is classified as a bacterial STI. It is most often spread by other STIs, particularly chlamydia. Urethritis occurs when the urethra becomes inflamed, and the term "non-specific" refers to the fact that the direct cause of this particular infection is not yet understood. NSU is easily treated by a course of antibiotics.
Mycoplasma genitalium is a bacterial sexually transmitted infection which can be difficult to diagnose. It is usually asymptomatic and can occur in both men and women. If mycoplasma genitalium is left untreated it can lead to prostatitis in men and urethritis in women, and even infertility for both sexes. However, it can easily be treated with antibiotics.
Trichomonas vaginalis is a sexually transmitted infection that is caused by an organism called a protozoan - or parasite - which is transferred during unprotected sex. This protozoan primarily affects the urethra and is more commonly found in women, though the infection does occur in men. The parasite is similar in size to a white blood cell and is mobile through the vaginal and urethral tissues, which causes tissue ulceration.
Ureaplasma urealyticum is one of the most common bacterial STIs, affecting almost 70% of both women and men. It can be transmitted through unprotected sexual contact, as well as through blood and saliva. It is highly contagious and often does not display any symptoms. If it is not treated with antibiotics, it can lead to infertility.