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Rosacea is a common skin condition that is estimated to affect 415 million people worldwide. It is a chronic (long-term) condition that causes redness and dilated blood vessels in the face. Although the condition is not completely curable, its symptoms can be improved through an appropriate treatment plan.
The first signs of rosacea usually involve facial flushing and skin irritation, but can also involve dilated blood vessels and small bumps that may be mistaken for acne. Inflammation and irritation of the eyes and eyelids are another symptom of rosacea. It typically affects the cheeks, forehead, chin and nose. Rosacea symptoms can fluctuate in severity and may get worse with certain triggers.
There are four different types of rosacea, although you may have more than one and symptoms can often overlap.
There are effective treatment options available for all forms of rosacea.
The causes of rosacea are not fully understood, although it is thought that genetics, environmental factors and the immune system all play a role. Rosacea is experienced more frequently by women and people with lighter skin, however men may experience more severe symptoms.
The severity of the condition varies, and can worsen as a result of exposure to certain triggers.
Common triggers include:
Some medications, such as vasodilators, may also worsen rosacea, as they dilate the blood vessels. There may also be a link between rosacea and smoking, although further research is needed to establish a cause.
You can reduce the frequency of flare-ups by identifying and avoiding potential triggers.
Rosacea usually begins with episodes of flushing, where the skin turns red for short periods of time.
Other symptoms of the condition can include:
While there is not a cure for rosacea, treatment can help reduce symptoms. This may involve a combination of medication and self-help techniques.
Topical treatments, often available as creams or gels, can reduce redness and spots associated with rosacea.
Common treatments include:
If you have moderate to severe rosacea with red bumps, your doctor may prescribe an oral medication. Oral medications may include acne treatments or antibiotics.
Acne treatments like isotretinoin, known more commonly by the brand name Roaccutane, can help reduce redness as well as the appearance of pustules and papules. However, as this medication can have very severe side effects, it may not be appropriate for everyone.
Oral antibiotics, such as tetracycline, minocycline and doxycycline, can help decrease inflammation, reducing redness in those with rosacea. However, long-term use of antibiotics can cause negative side effects, such as alterations in gut bacteria that can lead to stomach problems. Overuse of antibiotics is also associated with antibiotic resistance, a serious issue which is causing antibiotics to become less effective, meaning that small infections may one day be untreatable through antibiotics.
Low-dose doxycycline is often prescribed for rosacea as it does not affect the microbiome as much and it is not associated with the development of antibiotic resistance. euroClinix offers Efracea, a low-dose doxycycline treatment that has been specifically formulated to treat rosacea.
If your skin is persistently red or if you have visible blood vessels, laser treatment and other light-based therapies may be effective, with many people undergoing this form of treatment experiencing a long-term reduction in symptoms. However, light-based therapies can be expensive, with multiple sessions needed to see results. They also come with the risk of serious side effects, such as burns, skin discolouration and scarring.
In addition to medication, you can take care of your skin and avoid flare-ups by:
It can also be beneficial to test new products before using them. You can apply a small amount of product on an area of rosacea-prone skin and leave it for 72 hours to make sure you do not experience any adverse reactions.
If you have rosacea, you can purchase treatment online from euroClinix.
To order online, you will first need to complete a quick and easy consultation to ensure that the treatment is suitable for you, which will be reviewed by one of our doctors. If approved, they will issue a prescription to our pharmacy, where it will then be sent to your chosen delivery address with next-day delivery.
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