Thrush is a form of yeast infection that can cause uncomfortable symptoms. Thankfully, there are effective treatments and prevention methods to alleviate itching and pain, as well as clearing the infection completely. Vaginal thrush is an extremely common yeast infection that affects nearly 75% of women. Thrush in men is less common, however this can still occur and treatments provided at euroClinix (Diflucan, and Gyno-Daktarin) can be used by both men and women.
Though it is not necessarily dangerous, the infection can cause discomfort and should be treated as soon as possible. Although the infection can appear after sex, and it is possible to transfer thrush to your partner, it is not classified as an STI. Clinically proven vaginal thrush treatments are available online at euroClinix and can be purchased after completing a confidential and free consultation.
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Thrush is a condition caused by a yeast infection also known as Candida albicans, candida or vulvovaginal candidiasis. It can affect men, however the vast majority of people who experience thrush are women.
Vaginal thrush is a very common condition, and can be recurrent especially if there are certain triggers. Approximately three-quarters of women in the UK will suffer from at least one yeast infection at some point in their lives. Moreover, up to half of these women will experience a recurrence of this condition. It is most commonly women in their twenties and thirties who develop this condition, and can be provoked after sex although it is not a sexually transmitted infection.
Thrush is less prevalent in females who have not started their periods and women who have been through menopause. Women are particularly prone if they are pregnant, take antibiotics or have uncontrolled diabetes. It is also possible to contract a yeast infection through lifestyle choices that can be prevented with the right method.
Yeast infections in men are uncommon, however can occur from time to time. It can be caused by a number of reasons and is categorised into three types; candida balanitis, oral thrush and candida skin infection.
Thrush can also manifests itself in the form of oral thrush. This tends to affect newborn babies. If this is the case, any thrush related to a baby should be seen in person by your doctor.
Vaginal thrush is caused by a fungus known as Candida albicans. This fungus is often present in the vagina without showing any symptoms. This is because the natural bacteria located in the vagina balances the fungus out, and so no discomfort will be felt. In fact, the delicate balance of bacteria and fungus helps the vagina stay healthy.
However, when the Candida fungus multiplies and this balance is disrupted, then the vaginal thrush will present itself. For this reason, although it can develop after and spread through sexual intercourse, yeast infection is not classified as a sexually transmitted infection.
Potential causes of this change in the bacterial balance can include:
You are also more susceptible if you have a weakened immune system for any reason.
Over time, you will begin to understand what it is that triggers a yeast infection, whether this is a lifestyle choice that could be easily adjusted or preparing for a bout of thrush if it's unavoidable and recurrent. This means the number of yeast infections you experience could be prevented in the future.
As the fungus only presents itself after it has begun to multiply, it's possible to be infected without knowing. If this is the case, the only way to establish whether an infection is present is to have a cervical smear test. However, this is often unnecessary as many women can tell if they have thrush and the condition isn't considered dangerous so waiting for symptoms to develop and ordering effective treatment is simple.
Symptoms of vaginal thrush are often associated with the outside of the vagina, which can be treated by applying over-the-counter creams, however you may feel discomfort internally. In this case, pessaries can be used. For those not comfortable with pessaries or applying creams, antifungal medications that are clinically effective and available on prescription can also be used. More about all thrush treatment methods is detailed further on.
Symptoms that do present themselves include:
For women who have never experienced a yeast infection before, or feel that this latest bout of the condition is different in some way, your doctor will be able to analyse the symptoms and offer the correct treatment. One condition that is similar to thrush is bacterial vaginosis and a cervical smear test will be able to distinguish between this condition and a yeast infection.
Preventing thrush from occurring can be doable if you know the triggers and can highlight the symptoms quickly. Whilst this may be tricky at first, if you are prone to outbreaks, or have recently experienced thrush, you can monitor certain aspects to ensure the condition is controlled or at least reduced in severity. For example, reducing your intake of alcohol or cutting down on sugary and processed foods that that been known to cause thrush.
If certain antibiotics cause thrush, you can either continue with the full course and manage the symptoms, or seek treatment that can be used in conjunction with the said medication to relieve symptoms until the course is over.
Washing the vagina will clean water can help avoid symptoms, however over cleaning (or douching) can actually provoke and imbalance, as can using vaginal products that contain perfumes and alcohol (these can dry out the vagina). Changing your underwear and wearing loose trousers can also reduce your chances of developing thrush.
Cotton underwear is also advised if you are susceptible to thrush infections. Avoid using products like disinfectants and antiseptics, which can irritate the vagina, and practice good general hygiene. Doing so will significantly lower the chances of contracting the infection, and prevent repeated outbreaks from occurring.
Female thrush treatments vary between over-the-counter creams and pessaries to prescription only medications. Depending on the severity of the yeast infection, a doctor may recommend a treatment based on what he or she judges to be the appropriate method that will provide the best results. Over time, you will be the best judge on what treatment or antifungals work for you.
The method of application may also play a definitive role in what you would ultimately be comfortable using, be it a tablet treatment or cream application. For example, over-the-counter can be oral tablets (although these aren't clinically proven) and creams that are applied to the outside of the vagina to provide relief until the infection clears.
It is possible that you may feel internal itching and discomfort, in which case pessaries are also an over-the-counter method that can provide relief and cure the infection in hard to reach places. Pessaries come with a thin plastic tube that is easily inserting comforting in the vagina. The tablet you would have placed onto the end is then inserted and the tube removed.
If you're considering tablets and clinically proven creams, especially if your symptoms are moderate to severe in nature, prescription options are available. At euroClinix, we offer two prescription treatments, namely Diflucan and Gyno-Daktarin, for the treatment of thrush infections. Diflucan is an antifungal treatment that contains fluconazole and is taken as a pill. Gyno-Daktarin contains miconazole and is a cream based treatment. Both are clinically proven to be effective forms of treatment, and the two variations allow patients to choose which method suits them better.
At euroClinix, you can buy prescription treatments Diflucan and Gyno-Daktarin for thrush that are clinically proven to alleviate symptoms and cure the yeast infections quickly. If you would like to use a strong and medically proven cream rather than the over-the-counter methods, or would prefer to take antifungal tablets, you can purchase either of these two vaginal thrush treatments after completing our straightforward online consultation.
On orders placed before 4.30pm, you will receive your medication the very next day at no extra cost so you can begin to alleviate symptoms as soon as possible.